Trust in economic and interethnic relations

Trust in economic and interethnic relations

Бондаревська І. О. Феномен довіри в економічних та міжетнічних відносинах (аналіз зарубіжних досліджень) / І. О. Бондаревська // Актуальні проблеми психології: Зб. наук. праць Інституту психології імені Г. С. Костюка НАПН України. – К.: Фенікс, 2015. – Т. 11, Вип. 12. – С. 42 – 50.

Paper deals with theoretical and empirical studies of trust in economic and interethnic relations. Determinants of trust in economic and interethnic contexts are shown. In economic context trust to financial institutions and role of trust and power in tax behavior are described. Effects of trust and power dynamics can be applicable not only to tax behavior but also other forms of social behavior including economic controlled by authorities. Every certain type of such social behavior requires additional study taking into account behavior forms peculiarities, material and non-material costs and benefits. In interethnic context importance and ambiguity of economic diversity for interethnic trust is underlined. Peculiarities of low-trust and high-trust cultures are shown from the point of view of behavior control mechanisms. Institutional and interpersonal bases of trust are distinguished in correspondingly tight and loose cultures. Strong norms and sanctions corresponding to institutional trust in tight cultures exclude necessity of interpersonal trust in case of reliable behavior guarantor presence. It is essential to conclude that investigation of interethnic economic trust requires complex methodology taking into consideration peculiarities of the certain state and region where study is conducted. Due to historical, political, cultural differences results obtained in one state and region cannot be considered reliable for another state and region without special additional study.

Avaliable in Ukrainian language


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